Articles, Blog

Video 02 Basic Photoshop Document – CIS20 Adobe Photoshop

September 12, 2019

Greetings and welcome to our first project
in the class which is going to be a basic Photoshop document. So at this point, you need to have Photoshop
installed. Hopefully, you’ve done all that and we are
going to be using CC 2018, the newest version at this moment and I’ll launch it up. You’re always going to get some type of artwork
and photoshop on there. And the very first window that you get is
all of your last opened. You can see they’re some documents there I’ve
worked on in the past. We can create new documents from here. We open previous documents. There’s Recent, there’s CC Files and also
LightRoom over here as well. We can also view this is a list but it looks
better with thumbnails. And up here we have Work and then we also
have Learn. You’ll be signed into your CC account as well
so you’ll either get a picture of yourself or a blank one if you haven’t done that yet. So this is what opens up every time. The Learn has lots and lots of stuff in Photoshop. Now, one of the nice things with the newest
version of the Creative Cloud is they’re adding more and more education portions too and how-to
videos, things like that. And you can see here, they’ll actually walk
you through it in the app on how to remove objects and imperfections or change the color
of an object or an area, learn the Photoshop basics, duplicate objects. So there’s lots and lots of good tutorials
out there that are built into Photoshop now. And this is something fairly new up to this
point. Photoshop had a few help files and things
like that. But as more and more people are coming in
to use these programs that aren’t traditionally trained in Digital Arts or Graphic Design
like you guys, they’re really trying to give you the basics on how to learn Photoshop. So lots of great resources built into the
program now and that’s going to continue. We also have Adobe Stock down here at the
bottom. That will search the Adobe Stock library. These either you have to pay for, some are
free. And so, if you’re looking for Stock photography
and things like that, you can search directly from here. So, we’re going to create a new document today
and this is what you’ll be turning in as your first assignment. We’re going to walk through all the steps. It’s not that long of a project. We’re only using a handful of the tools but
it allows us to get started. We’re opening any other files from any other
sources. Everything is built directly in Photoshop. So you don’t have to have anything else to
actually do this. We’re going to keep the file size a little
smaller than we normally would just because you’ll be turning this in and there’s really
no reason to go larger for this one. Every week we will have or every chapter we
will have a final project in here. And as we go on, we’re going to go back over
the things we did in the previous one and add more and more to them. So, let’s get started here in Photoshop. I’m going to do a Create new. So we have over here on the left, Create new. And I want to go through the new document
window. This has become much more robust than it was
in previous versions of Photoshop. It used to be, this area that I’m kind of
circling here, that’s all you had. Now we have all these Presets and all these
other great things that we can work with. These are all the sizes that I’ve created
in the last few months, give or take. And you’ll see they’re in inches, some are
in pixels. And then, we’ll see PPI on here as well and
that’s Points Per Square Inch. The higher this number is, the higher the
resolution is. So you’ll see I’ve created a lot of different
documents. We also have Save documents, oh, I’m sorry,
Save settings, which I have not saved any. But if I had saved any of them, they are there. We also have Photo, we have Print, Art & Illustration,
Web, Mobile and Film & Video. And you’ll notice, we get some Presets here
as well. But I’m going to go back to Photo and we have
a Default Photoshop Size, 7 x 5 at 300 PPI. So that’s 7 inches by 5. So that’s like a 5 x 7, 300 PPI. So, when we’re looking at resolution, there’s
a rule of thumb that we want to work with here. If you’re going to print this off an inkjet
printer, sending it to a printer, sending it to Target or let’s say Walmart to print
something off of the photo printer, the PPI that we work with and I’ll say DPI a lot,
that’s Dots Per Square Inch, that’s from the printing side of the world but I do mean the
same thing, so I interchange them here. So 300 PPI is the standard for print. If you don’t know what you’re going to do
with this and you build it and you may go on the Web and other places, I still say work
at 300. That’s what we’re going to do today. In the Web world, we work at 72, a much lower
resolution. So it’s almost, what, 4 times less than the
300 and that’s because it’s a smaller file size. The files that end up here are going to be
much larger. Same thing in Print, you’ll notice Letter,
8 1/2 x 11 and it’s 300, Legal, Tabloid, and A4. That’s in millimeters. But you’ll notice 300 across the board here. Art & Illustration, same thing, 300 all the
way across the board. So what’s great too is they give some premade
layouts to work with. You can open these. Right now, I’m not going to but you can play
with them and we will use some these a little bit later on. But what we’re going to work with is a fairly
small file size. We’re going to do 4 x 6. So that’s a very standard size here for in
the United States for photos. So that’s 5 x 7 but 4 x 6 is what you print. Let’s say you have a bunch of digital photos
and you go to Target or Costco or Walmart and you load up the files, you’re going to
be printing 4 x 6s, 8 x 10s, 11 x 17. So we’re going to do 4 x 6 because it’s a
very standard size. It is Landscape. We could do vertical as well but we’re going
to stick with the Landscape and keep it pretty simple. Now, if I click on it, you’ll notice my Presets
change over here. So it’s 6 inches is the width and the height
is 4 inches. You can change this to Pixels, Centimeters,
Millimeters, Points, and Picas. So Pixels, this how many pixels make up the
image. It’d be 1800 x 1200 if we counted each individual
pixel. The higher this number is, the higher the
resolution. Inches, 6 x 4. If we went to Centimeters, there’s our centimeters. Here’s Millimeters. Points. And then, Picas is a measurement for type
and I’m not going to get into that right now. But as you move on through other classes,
we’re going to be talking about Picas. But we’re really just going to work in Pixels
and Inches in this class. So we have 6 x 4 and before we do anything
else, we need to title it. So I’m going to put my last name, my first
name and I’m doing underscores or you can do dashes. I don’t care. Just don’t do spaces. And we’re going to call this Assignment 1
or you can just put 01 at the end. You know what assignment this is. This is the file that you’re going to save
and turn in through our online system. Resolution is 300 pixels per square inch. We’re not doing centimeters. You could go up but why do that. You’re setting up with a bigger file at this
point and we don’t want to go down. So 300 is what we’re going to work at. If we’re working for the Web, as I said earlier,
this would be 72. Color Mode. So we’re going to work in RGB. So red, green and blue. That’s the colors that you see on the screen
on television or a monitor. CMYK is cyan, magenta, yellow and K is always
black. This is for four-color offset printing. We will talk about that in this class but
for the most part, you’re always going to be doing RGB color 8 bit when we’re working
in the Photoshop. You can go to 16 and 32. There’s no reason to right now. The Background, we can choose Black and White. So that’s just the canvas or we can do Transparent
too but let’s go with White. So we have a white background. And there are some Advanced Options. I’m going to say right now, leave all this
alone. There’s no reason for us to get into it. As the semester goes on, we talk about more
things, we’ll go in and work with these. So we have our new document settings ready
to go. We named our file and if you forget to name
it, we can always do that later. 6 x 4 in inches, 300 pixels per square inch,
RGB Color and a White background. So pretty much right out of the Preset.Now,
there is an Artboards. We can have more than one board. We’re not going to do that on this project. So these are the basics. I’m going to hit Create and we’re going to
get a new document. So we’ve got to make sure we all have the
exact same layout here. And before we do that though, we’re going
to File, Save As. We need to save this document. If you’re on a PC, it should be very similar. The only difference is instead of the Command
key, you’re going to be doing Control key on these for the shortcuts. I will use pull-down menus. I will call out the shortcuts but I will not
use shortcuts because you can’t see them in the videos. So I’m always going to try to show you where
the tools are or the commands are somewhere in the menu system. So we’re going to do a Save As. I’m going to go to my desktop. And so, if you’re on Mac or PC, I’m just going
to save this directly to my desktop so it’s easy to find. Format is Photoshop in the pull-down menu. Just regular Photoshop, not this DCS down
at the bottom, regular Photoshop. Everything else we leave alone. We’re not going to save as a copy, embed the
color profile and I’m going to save the file. So just like any other document in Microsoft
Word or Office or Excel or any other programs you used in the past, this is pretty straightforward
on saving. Now, a couple things. I want you to go under Window and we’re going
to go to Workspace. And I want you to select Graphic and Web,
not Essentials but Graphic and Web. And then, I want you to go back, so I selected
it. I already had it selected. Your layout may change. So if your layout looks like this, this is
the Essentials layout. Under Window, Workspace, you go to Graphic
and Web, you’ll see the change. Then, I want you to reset Graphic and Web. That’ll give you the exact same layout that
I have right now. So we have Character, Paragraphs, Glyphs. Then we have Library and Properties. We’re going to be using Properties a lot here
and those and then we have Layers. This is real important. So make sure the Layers are up. So this gives you the same layout. Then I want you to do a View and turn on the
Rulers. So if you don’t have Rulers on, I want you
to do Window, I’m sorry, View, Rulers or Command R. You’ll notice with rulers, mine are in
inches. If yours is in another, millimeters or centimeters,
you can right-click with your mouse on the ruler and you can change from pixels to inches
to centimeters. You can also do Control click or Command click. So if you’re not comfortable with right-clicking
on things, the Control key on the PC and Command key on the Mac will give you the flyout menus. So inches is where we want to be. I like having the rulers on. We use them all the time and we have our layout
here. The basic layout of Photoshop is, I’m going
to select, actually, my very first tool. This is the move tool. And then, we have other tools in here, Artboard
and Marquee tool. You’ll notice as I float over these, they
actually give you a little preview. And I’m going to leave this on. This is in 2018. Magic Wand tool. We have the Crop tool. So we have tons of tools over here. As the semester goes on, I’m going to go into
each of these. I don’t like to sit here and explain every
one of them. I like to use them. And so, we’ll be using about four of them
today. But all of our tools are over here on the
left. This is our foreground color and our background
color. We also have our screen modes and you can
go to Full Screen or you can go to Standard Screen. So I’m clicking and holding. I’m going to leave it in Standard because
I like to have a little bit of room around where I’m working. But you can always go to Full Screen Mode
if you want to or Full Screen With Menu Bar. This is probably the one you may want to work
with. Actually, I’ll stay in that one. Gives me a little bit more room to work too. So at the very bottom here, you can do Full
Screen With Menu Bar. It’ll fill up the screen and you should be
ready to go. Now, up at the top is all of our options for
each tool. As I change a tool, you’ll notice this all
changes. So every tool has its own options. This is the Move tool. It allows us to select anything and move it
around. I want you to make sure this is checked for
Auto Select Layer and Show Transform Controls. These two need to be turned on. If you forget to turn them on and I’ll actually
do some work here and turn it off just to show you, we’re not going to get transform
boxes around our objects which means we don’t get a highlight around the objects. It’s a little tougher to see what we have
selected. So that should be on. These are all of our alignment tools. So if we have multiple objects and in Photoshop,
every layer is really an object. So every time we create something, we can
align those with all of them and there is a 3D mode. So I’ll be coming back to the Move tool a
lot. You’ll notice when I float over them, you’ll
see Move tool and there’s little brackets with the letter V. That is the quick key command. So if I hit T on the keyboard, watch my cursor
right here, it becomes the Type tool. If I type V, as in Victor, it goes back to
the Move tool. M, is actually a whole other tool. I know that sounds, you know you’re like,
“Oh, the Move tool, M”. It’s V. So you’ll start learning these. I use them a lot. I won’t be doing them in the video just because
you don’t see what I’m doing. I’m always going to try to come over here
and select it, show you which one it is and then come and do whatever we’re working on
it the canvas. So we’re going to do a real simple layout
with some color. We’re going to block this up. We’ll have a bar at the top with some color. We’ll have a bar at the bottom with some color. We’ll break it up with another bar. We’ll use the Type tool and apply a few of
our other tools here like the Circle tool, Ellipse and things like that and we’ll build
it out. This is really just about you playing with
the tools, getting used to the Type tool, getting used to the Move tool. There’s no other images we’re importing in. So everything will be built directly here,
saved and then turned in. The next projects we work on will get a little
more complicated. So as I said, I’m going to have three areas
here. I’m going to have a top area. We’re going to have a kind of center bar to
break it up and then a bottom area, we’ll put some text and some other things. So we need to lay those areas out. Over here under Layers, we have a background. You notice there’s a lot of different tools
under Layers and this is where we’re going to be doing a ton of work working with all
this and I’m actually going to pull this off and just bring it up here. You can leave it where it was. That’s not going to hurt anything. I just want to make it so it’s a little easier
for you to see. So we have a background, put it right here. We have some tools down at the bottom we can
apply to objects that are layers. So everything we create becomes a layer. If any of you use Adobe Illustrator or InDesign,
each object, you can have multiple objects in a layer. Here in Photoshop, every object is its own
layer. So we can apply properties to it. We can do things to it. We can move them around. We can group them if we want to as well. Every time you create something, it’s going
to create a new layer. We need to name that new layer as well. So what I’m going to do is grab the Rectangle
tool. Now, this draws a rectangle with a fill color. If we look up here at the top, we have Rectangle,
we have a Shape, which is what we want to keep it on. There’s a fill color. There’s a Stroke color. So we can apply a Stroke to this and different
types of Strokes. Width and height and pixels. But I want to set this color. So you might have black or something right
now. I’m going to click on Fill and you get all
these different colors and I’m going to pick a gray, a kind of a lighter gray here. So any color will do. You don’t have to be perfect to what I’m doing. I want you to just kind of play and work with
it. I am going to put my layers back over here. So you’ll notice, before I start going, my
layers then got docked. That’s fine. Yours is going to look a little different. But if you want to, you can dock it back out
and you can see there’s a lot of room here or Window, Workspace, Reset. I’m going to leave this just because I want
the room. Now, depending on the size of your screen,
you may be zoomed in, you may be zoomed out. But if I do View, you can Zoom In and Zoom
Out or Command +, Command -. You can Fit on Screen with 0 or 1. So if I go 100 percent, you’ll see I zoomed
way in. If I go to 200 percent, I’m way way zoomed
in. But I can zoom out as well, Command -, and
go back to where I was. The other tool that you’ll probably end up
using to move around is the Hand tool. You can move around artboard. You can also do that just by holding down,
if you’re in another tool, hold down the spacebar. You’ll see my hand, it goes from my Move tool
to spacebar, then I can move around. So I’m just moving it. I need to have some room. This is artboard. This is the bleed. I like to see a little bit of gray because
some things bleed off my artwork. So I’m going to go back and grab my Rectangle
tool. I have the fill set to a gray but anything
will do. If you click once with the tool, you can draw
a rectangle or like I’m going to do, I’m going to click, hold and drag. You’ll notice I’m not going straight to the
middle. I’m kind of leaving a little bit, like on
thirds. You see that purple line that appears? That means it’s on center. I’ve drawn a box that’s perfectly aligned
on center with my layout. I’ll let go. And what you end up with is a rectangle with
a gray fill. Now, let’s say I want to change the color
of this. I have to go to Layers or I can go to Properties,
either one. I’m a little old school with this. I like to go to Layers and then I double-click
on the little image of the layers. See it right here? And this allows me then to pick colors. Now, the color picker, you can see we work
in a lot of different spectrums of color here. You can drag, drop. You can use Web only colors. There’s Color Libraries. You can add to the swatch. We’re not going to get into that right now. We’re just keeping this simple. If you knew what color mix that you’re working
with, you can type it in too. So I want you to go into your Layers and double-click
on it and pick another color. Play with it, I like that green, and change
color. After you do that, we need to name this layer. Right now, it says Rectangle 1. So we’ll call this, I’ll call it Top Box. And to change the name, you double-click on
the name in the layers and you can type in the name of the layer. So that’s my top box in my layout. So now we need to draw a bottom box. So I’ll grab my Rectangle tool and I’m going
to draw a new box. You notice I bleed off the edges here too. Now, it picked up the same color that I last
chose. And this time, instead of going to Layers,
it opened up Properties. You’ll see the color right here. I can double-click on it or sorry, single
click and I can change the color again. Or I can go back to Layers. You’ll see I have a brand new layer now. I had Top Box and this was drawn over it. So in the layer hierarchy, we have Background,
Top Box, and Rectangle. I can double-click and play with the colors
some more and I’m happy with that. We need to name it. So let’s call this one Bottom Box. And let’s say I want to have the Bottom Box
before the Top Box in the hierarchy here. You can click, hold and drag your layers and
rearrange them. Now, the Bottom Box is below the Top Box. I can move them back. So each of these objects interact with each
other in the hierarchy of the layer. So I’m going to add a third box here. In this case, if I start drawing it, it’s
going to draw it on top of the Bottom Box. It will always put whatever object you start
working on above the selected layer. So if I start drawing right now, it’s going
to put it between the top and the bottom. But I want this to sit on top of both. So I’m going to click on Top Box. You’ll notice you get this nice box around
showing what you’ve selected. And if you grab the Move tool and you have
Auto Select and Show Transform Controls turned on, you can actually grab and resize this
box from the edges. When you’re done, you have to double-click. So if I move this down, I double-click and
it sets it. So you see we have a lot of flexibility here. So with the top box selected, I’m going to
grab my Rectangle tool again. And this time, I’m going to draw a box overlapping
both of these. I’ll go back to Layers. I’m going to rename this Stripe, double-click
on it and let’s pick a different color. That looks good. Maybe something in the browns. Not being too picky here but I still want
it to look decent. With my Move tool or V on the keyboard, I
can resize this and you’ll notice it’ll snap too, it’ll snap to other objects which is
a great tool, go snap. See how they’re snap? But I want them to overlap a little just as
a natural break. Now we need to do something we have not done
yet which is File, Save. We’ve saved the document but we haven’t saved
the work that we’ve done. So I’m going to hit Save and we have our basic
layout here. We have the Bottom Box, the Top Box and we
have a Stripe breaking it up. Well, now I want to draw a circle. I’m going to do an Ellipse tool here. So U on the keyboard. And I want you to hold down the Shift key
and I’m going to click up here in the corner and I’m going to drag across. The Shift key constrains. So any object we create, if you hold down
the Shift key, you’re going to get a constraint. If you don’t, you end up with this oval. See the problem? I want a perfect circle. So the Shift key will give me the perfect
circle. And I’m not being picky on the size. I just want a circle. Let’s go look at the layers. So I have an Ellipse. We’ll call it Circle. Let’s rename it Circle. And I’m going to double-click on it and I’m
going to pick another color. You’ll notice with the color picker, up to
this point, I’ve just selected colors in here. What if I want to start with this color? When you float outside the color picker, you
get an Eyedrop tool. If you click on the brown, it will match the
color. And that’s what I’m going to do. I want to match this color here and hit OK. That looks good. But I want to put a Stroke on this. I want to do some things to this. I want to make it have some depth. And I’m going to show you now some really
cool features with your layers. So I have the circle selected. You can see my bounding box. Make sure that the Show Transform Controls
tools is on. You get the handles, the transform handles. If I want to make this larger or smaller,
I can grab a handle and drag. But look what happens? If I hold the Shift key, it constrains. Then you double-click, then I can click and
move this in position. See those purple lines? You’ve got a really nice alignment here. So at the very bottom of your Layers palette,
and I’m going to pull it off and put it over here just so it’s easier to see, we have a
Circle, we have Stripe, Top Box, Bottom Box, all these things. I haven’t done much with the Layer options
yet. But if you come up here, we have all these
other tools. We’re going to get into these a little bit
later. But for right now, you can set the Opacity. You can make it like 50 percent. That kind of gives it a neat effect because
it’s the same color but it’s a different color here. I’ll go back to 100. This fill is a little different. It looks the same but it actually acts differently. Opacity is the overall object. The fill is just a transparency on the fill
color. So there’s times when we use one or the other. But what I want you to do is down here on
the FX, these are special effects. It’s called Layer Style. If you click on it, we get all these other
things we can do just with this one object. We have Bevel & Emboss, Stroke, Inner Shadow,
Inner Glow, all these fun things, Drop Shadow. I want you to select Stroke. This pulls up our Layer Style palette and
we get a Stroke. There’s a little checkbox here. We have the size of the Stroke. We can make it bigger or smaller. In case, it’s on the outside. So you can see it’s all the way on the outside
here. I’m going to make it about 10 or 15, somewhere
in that range and I want it on the inside. There’s a reason for that. We’re going to put a Drop Shadow too. And if we have it on the outside, the Stroke
would overlap the Drop Shadow. So about 15 point. I’ll just make it 15. You can type it in as well. Position is Inside. Blend Mode is Normal. No opacity. And we can change the color of the fill. Just like we did over here, I can click on
Color and I’m going to go darker instead of lighter with this. I don’t know. What do you think? No, let’s go lighter. There we go. And that looks good. Now, I want to add a Drop Shadow. I can close this, hit OK, go back to the effects
and go to Drop Shadow or I could have just went right down to Drop Shadow and hit the
checkbox. So you see the Drop Shadow that appeared. So I’m going to bring the Opacity down and
the Distance is way too much. So my Distance on this, about 15. We can bring the Size down a little too. But I want you to play with these. Another time we’re going to go through all
the details here. You can see so much we can play with. But I just wanted to show you real quickly
how fast I can just take a basic object and add some depth and feel to the whole thing. So I’ll hit OK and I now have a circle with
effects, Stroke and Drop Shadow. I can turn these off or on and I can turn
off and on the effects here. Or I can open and close the layer effects
too. All right. So, let’s add some text in here. We’re getting close to being finished almost. Like I said, this is a real basic document. We’re not going to get into anything else. So we’re going to try to get some text in
here and play with that a little bit. We’ll put our name on it. I also want to go through a couple filters
before we do that. So I’m going to select Top Box. I’m going to go up to Filter and there’s all
kinds of filters we can apply. Now, some of these only work on images. The one I’m going to use right now is, let’s
see. Blur is not going to do much. Strokes, Distort but Noise, we can add some
Noise. So I’m going to do Add Noise. So we’re going to add Noise to this Top Box. And it’s going to ask, “This shape layer must
be rasterized or converted to a smart object before proceeding. If rasterized, it will no longer be editable
as a shape”. We’re going to convert to smart object. This is a good rule of thumb. If it asks you to convert to a smart object,
do that first, don’t rasterize. Rasterize means it becomes pixel-based. But we’re going to convert to smart object
and you can see Add Noise. This looks kind of like the television static. We have Uniform and Gaussian. There’s also Monochromatic. And the Amount, you can go down, so it’s a
much tighter or you can go very high and you get very pixelated. So I’m going to go low here. I’m just adding a little bit of texture to
it, nothing more and I’ll hit OK. Look at my layer. I know have a smart filter that added noise. If I want to turn this off, I can click on
the little eyeball and turn it off and I can turn it back on. I can collapse these two. I’m going to do the same thing down here on
the Bottom Box. I’m going to go to Filter and we can do Pixelate
as well. I’m going to do Color Halftone. Same thing, convert to smart object. You’ll see the Max Radius, everything. I’m just going to hit OK and let’s see what
happens. Oh boy. That’s a little too much. Now, it’s up to you if you want to keep it. If we want to get rid of it, I can grab the
smart filter and drag it down to the trash can. Not the whole layer. If you accidentally do the whole layer and
I’m going to do Control Z or Command Z, I mean. It’s actually not letting me Undo but I can
add it back in. That’s was a little too much I think, right? So let’s try one other filter. We can do Fragment. No, that didn’t do anything. I throw that away. I’m just going to do Add Noise again. Just to add that kind of little bit of a texture
down here. It’s not much but just enough. So I’m happy with that. Let’s get some text in here. So I’m going to put my name, depends on the
length of your name. So I’m going to put my name right down in
this area. So this is kind of like a title card when
it’s all said and down. So I’m going to grab the Type tool. So this is the Horizontal Type tool. There is a Vertical too but we’re going to
stick with Horizontal. Any time you see a little arrow in the corner
on a tool, you can click and hold. So I’m going to grab my Type tool. Up at the top, we have what Font and it could
be different than mine. You may have something else selected. What I’m going to do, we all need to work
with the same Font and you’ll notice we have a lot of Fonts installed. We have Arial, some of the bigs ones. For this one, I’m going to go real basic and
go Impact and I know you have it. So Impact. You can also type in here, Impact. We’re going to do Impact Regular. And I want you to look over here too. You’ll notice we have a Character palette. So all the changes I’m doing here are also
showing up here and there’s a lot more options for the Type tool. So, Font Size, let’s start around 72. We’re going to make it larger in a minute. For the Anti-aliasing, we’re going to use
Crisp. Leave it alone. Alignment is Left Align. And for Color, let’s stick with white for
right now. We’re going to put a Stroke on it and a Drop
Shadow as well. So I’m going to click anywhere. I’m not clicking and dragging. I’m just clicking once and I’m going to type
my name. I’ll put a return. You’ll see it’s fairly large because it’s
72 point. With the Type tool, you can select the type
like you so in any other program but I’m going to grab the Move tool and I can move this
around. So I want to make this fit and we’re going
to talk about type terminology throughout this course. But one of the issues I have right now is,
I’m just going to move it up here so you can see it, actually, that would fit pretty nicely
but I want it down here, is the Leading, the space between what we call, actually, we have
line height, we have X height and then we have base line. So this type sits on the base line right here. You see where my cursor is. The space between these two needs to get smaller. And if we have it selected with the Move tool,
we can come over and we have the Font Size and then we have the Leading. If I place my cursor in here and use my arrow
keys up and down on the keyboard, you can change the Leading between the two or you
can use the pull-down menu or when you float over right next to it, you can drag left and
right. That arrow key though, I like. So you can come in here. I just clicked inside where the number is and I can make this smaller and I can make
this larger. So let’s tighten it up. And I’m happy with this right here. Now I can move this back in. I can also change the size of it by grabbing
one of the handles and the Shift key. If you have no Shift key, it’s not constrained,
so Shift key. And once I have it fit, I’ll double-click
and I’m happy. Now, I want to have the same Stroke and Drop
Shadow on this text. I want the same exact thing I created here. So what I can do is select Circle and you’ll
see I have Effects here. I can drag and drop these Effects on to my
type up here. But you’ll notice, it jumped from that layer
to the other. If I hit Command or Control Z, that’s Undo
or Undo Step Forward, Step Backward. But Step Backward goes back a step. Undo right here, Command Z. I dragged up here and went, “Oooo, that didn’t
work”. So I did Undo. So now, I can select my text. I want to apply the same Effects. They’re not going to work together here really
well. So I’m going to have to create all new ones
but they’ll be similar. So I’ll have my name. I’m going to do a Stroke. This time though, it doesn’t work on the inside,
does it? It remembered my last settings. So I’m going to do outside and I’m going to
make it a little bit thinner because it doesn’t need to be as large. And then, I’m going to apply the Drop Shadow
and that looks good. I want to change the color of the Font though. So the same way we changed the color of the
layers, I can double-click on my name, on the T on the name and up here under Character,
under Color, I can change the color of the character. So I’m going to go darker. There we go. Maybe a little lighter, a little darker, maybe
almost black, what do you think? I like that. So this is the basics. I wanted you to get your feet wet and go through
kind of a short, under 50-minute video, just to get you start playing with the tools. One of the things I’m going to point out though
with Photoshop is, you’ve got to play. If you don’t play and you just do everything
by the book and follow exactly what I did, that’s fine. But it’s the creative side, using these tools
and mixing them together and you saw all these different layer effects. I want you to start playing with them. You can’t break anything. You saw that I didn’t change anything permanently. If I don’t like something, I can always go
in and just throw this away. I can just go, “I don’t even want it turned
on”. You won’t see it or if I want to just make
layer disappear, I can make it disappear with the visibility. So playing, organizing, if you notice, we’re
very organized with this. I know what everything is. If I open this file 5 years from now, I can
look at it and go, “Okay. I understand what I was doing”. So getting in the habit of doing these things
is very important but just playing with it, this effect that I did in the background isn’t
a major effect but it adds some depth. I like to have depth in all of my layouts,
drop shadows, overlays, color harmony as well, things like that, working in the same color
palettes. All those little things start adding up over
time and that’s what I’m trying to do with these projects. Next week we’ll build on the exact same tools
that we did this week. So now that I have this ready to go, I’ll
Save it. I’ll quit Photoshop. And here is my file, there’s my PSD file and
the way we named it, that way I know whose files are what. When you upload it, it makes my life easier. We’ll just leave it like that. And you’ll upload this through Canvas in your
assignment. So that’s it for this first project. It was simple but hopefully, you got to play
with more than just one or two tools, which you should have. It kind built into what you’ll be going over
in the videos as well as other things in the class next week. So once again, hopefully, you learned a little
something in this project and we’ll see you in the next one.

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