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Introduction to Building a VIDEO EDITING COMPUTER in 2018

October 14, 2019


Jordy here for cinecom.net
and welcome to creative Tuesday. In this episode we’re taking a look
at all the details… …on how to build your own
4K video editing computer. Before we start, I’d first like to thank
MSI for sponsoring this video. They have provided us a system
with the latest hardware… …that suits perfect for video editing tasks. We’ll use this hardware as a reference,
however the goal of this video… …is to inform you about what to look for in the
different components for video editing. And that way you can make
your own choices… …that will fit within your budget or preferred brand. At all times you can visit the first link
in the description below… …to learn more about this system. They have put up a nice webpage
with extra videos…. …and in-depth information
about each component. Now, building a computer for video editing
is a little different from a gaming pc. You wanna spread your budget
correctly over the components, so that you can take the maximum
performance out of your machine… for the tasks that you do. One of the biggest misconceptions
is the graphics card. It plays an important role, though,
but it’s not the most important. That is the processor. Modern video editing tools like Adobe
Premiere Pro and After Effects, Sony Vegas, Resolve, etcetera, are designed
to utilize the cores of a processor. Having an 8-core processor means
Premiere Pro, for example, can perform multiple calculations
at the same time. And that’s also why the processor speed
is less important than it’s amount of cores. You’ll get much better performance from
an 8-core running at 2.5 GHz than a quad-core running at 4 GHz. So I would always suggest to get
as many cores as you can. It’s even possible to install two processors
in the right motherboard, which could give you easily up to
20 cores or even more. Do however check your video
editing software first to see if it’s compatible
with a dual CPU… …and the amount of cores
you’re about to install. Always remember that the software is
the weakest link in your setup. Our system came with
the Intel i9-7900X, which is a 10-core CPU running at
3.3 clock speed. This is a beast of a CPU and it’s
giving us extreme performances… …inside Premiere Pro… …and when exporting a project. You can see it very good in the task manager
how Premiere Pro is utilizing each core. Of course, this is a more expensive CPU. The great benefit of it now is that
the CPU is future proof. But an Intel i7 will definitely work
superb too for 4K editing, and there are even a few i5 processors that I could
recommend that have 6 cores inside. I would not go below 4 cores, unless you’re
not planning to edit 4K footage any time soon. Ideally you wanna sit around 6 to 8 cores. Now, having a large multi-core processor
in your system comes with a flip side, which is heat. Make sure to keep some money
over for a decent CPU cooler. For high-end processors I would even
recommend to go for a liquid cooler. Cooler master is a very popular
brand for these, basically they have their fans up in the case
blowing the hot air directly out. And this hot air comes through the liquid, which is being pumped from
the processor to the fans. Speaking of cooling, your case is an
important factor here too. MSI Send us a very awesome
looking case, with big LED fans on the front which
you can even change the colors of… …and a glass cover on the side. This one also came from Cooler Master, but of course a fancy case will not help you
to get better performance. The number one reason that you should
choose a case is for the air flow, the second reason could be the looks. To find out if a case has a good air flow,
look at the fans it comes with. Ideally you wanna have a fan
on the back and on the front. One of them should suck the air in
and the other one blowing it out. Only then you have good air flow. The larger the fans are and
the more you have, the better your air flow will be. And of course a last point
to pay attention to… …is that all your other hardware
will fit in it. Alright, next on the list is
the graphics card. Modern editing software is able to
utilize the graphics card more… …and better these days, but still is a fraction of what a
GPU is capable of. In Premiere Pro you can actually see
a symbol next to the effects… …that can be accelerated through
the graphics card. This means that you can apply
and even stack effects… …on a clip which can be played back
in real time. The same thing goes for Color Grading
inside Premiere. But all the rest of the effects will use
100% of the processor to render. When searching for a graphics card,
one of the first things you’ll notice… …is the memory it comes with. And for video editing, don’t mind
this too much. Video memory is needed for animations
and 3D modeling, for video editing I wouldn’t spend extra
money on just some more VRAM. What is important, though, is the amount
of cores in your graphics card. Nvidia calls these CUDA cores and AMD
Radeon cards have stream processors. They are essentially the same but
are built upon a different technology. AMD cards use OpenCL and Nvidia
have their own CUDA technology. The more of these cores you have, the better performance you will see
in both playback and rendering. I would suggest to get
at least 1000 cores… …if you’re looking into editing
4K footage. And then there are the different technologies
that the graphics cards comes with. For example, if you would like to edit
in virtual reality, then you have to make sure
that your card supports that. MSI provided the GTX1080 to us. It’s a beast of a card but, honestly, we’re not seeing much difference between
the 1070 or even the 1060… …we also have at the office. That again proves that the processor is
the most important part within the chain, which we do notice a big
difference from between the various processors
we have. When you’re searching
for a graphics card, you’d probably find various brands
providing the same Nvidia card. The architecture is always the same, but the difference sits within the
cooling of the card, LED lighting, factory overclocking, etcetera. What makes the MSI card stand out
is their cooling design, which they also won a price for. You can find out more again by following
that first link in the description. Next up comes the memory. There’s this general rule of having at least
16 GBs for full HD and 32 GBs for 4K editing. Now, does having more RAM
means rendering will go faster? Not really. To a point there is, but that threshold sits around 8 GBs
of memory, maybe. Further up, the performance
is barely noticeable. And if you wanna see
a full test of that, I’ll leave a link to Max’s video
in the description below. He even found out that having too much
RAM in your system… …could slow down rendering time. But then, why do I recommend
to have so much memory? Well, usually you’re not solely working
in your video editing application. You might be going back and forward
between After Effects, Photoshop, your web browser, Premiere Pro
and a bunch of other applications. Well, every single one of those
applications… …is going to need some
working memory. And this memory is being used
to write temporary actions to that are needed by the program. You could essentially use a portion
of your hard drive as memory, but that will go super slow. And that is why the speed of the memory
is an important factor. These are the megahertz
displayed on the dimms. The MSI build came with the
HyperX Predator memory. These are DDR4 dimms, which is
the latest technology, and offer great speeds. If your budget allows that, definitely
go for DDR4 memory, DDR3 is definitely not bad,
below that I wouldn’t go. That brings us to the next component,
which is storage. It’s pretty straight forward, the more you have, the more
video you can store. So that’s something that you have
to decide for yourself. But knowing that there are many
different storage options, it’s worth to talk about. There’re mainly 3 categories: you have the normal hard drives, the SSD’s and finally the M.2 SSD’s. And the difference lays within
the speed of the storage. Does that mean we have to look
for fast storage? Well, not exactly. It’s not going to help much with the performance
while editing or rendering. And that’s why I would even suggest to
go only for a traditional hard drive… …if you’re on a small budget. When you do have some more
money to spend, look at a combination of a traditional
hard drive and an SSD. SSD’s are super fast, which means that
your computer will startup much faster, programs will open up a lot faster… …and you can drag media around
a lot faster. But it comes with a price tag
and as a video editor… …you probably need a lot of storage. And this is why I would recommend to install
your windows and applications… …on a fast SSD. And your media on a hard drive. For an even faster experience
you can go for an M.2 SSD. These are chips which install directly
onto your motherboard… …and have tremendous speed performance. Our system came with the
Intel 600P M.2 SSD, of 256 GB storage, which is enough for our operating system
and all the applications. It’s a beast of a storage with read speeds
up to 1.5 GBs per second. As for the media drive, we got
the Seagate Barracuda Pro. It’s a 10 terabyte drive designed
for creative tasks. It runs at 7200 rpm, which eliminates
any delay during rendering. But you could also go for
a 5400 rpm drive, if that fits better within your budget. But, again, remember that
you don’t need an SSD. It’s a luxury, once your Windows is booted and you have
started up your editing programs, you won’t notice much of having
an SSD at all anymore. The final thing I wanna talk about
is the motherboard. Although it just seems like a large connector
for all your components, compatibility is one thing, but… …utilizing the capabilities of your
components is a different story. If you would purchase
fast RAM memory, but your motherboard doesn’t
support the speeds, then you might only be using
half of the speed… …of what your memory is capable of. So, in terms of budgeting,
this is important to know. If you don’t have the money to go
for a high-end motherboard, then also don’t spend extra money
on a fast memory. And the same goes for your processor. If you would look into the specifications
of a processor, you will find the maximum
RAM speed it can handle. Furthermore, you wanna double check
that your motherboard… …has all the connectors that you need, and that it is compatible
with all your components. If you bought an M.2 SSD, you’re going to need a socket for that
on the motherboard. What I would always suggest is
to work together with an IT store. Let them check your wish list and
let them build your PC. If anything wouldn’t work, you can always
go back under warranty. Trust me, it’s worth the extra 50 bucks
you’re paying for that. Now I have a list to all of the components
from our PC… …in a blog post in the
description below. This is a build that MSI has put together
and tested for creative tasks. We’ve been working with the system
for a month now… …and it actually runs super stable. The reason I’m saying this is because
some hardware components might work, but overtime they don’t seem
to be stable with each other. They only have a few configurations
that are strongly tested… …and built specifically to work well with
their apps and operating system. Windows machines have a bad
reputation because… …you can put together anything
you want, which, of course, could bring issues. But having a Windows system that is tested
and configured for a specific task could run just as fine. Our beast machine was a
total cost of $2500, which is considered to be
a high-end system. In our blog we have also put together
a mid-budget and a low-budget system, which, again, you can find a link to
in the description below. Thank you all so much for watching, if you
have any questions whatsoever, leave them below and I’ll try my best
to help you further. Stay creative! -Hey guys! You know, I do the most
work around here. So, it’s only fair I get the coolest computer. -Coolest computer? Does your computer have
a door, Yannick? Look at this, I have a door! And your computer just breaks apart!

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