Articles

How To Use The Select And Mask Workspace In Photoshop

September 5, 2019


Welcome back to another very exciting tutorial
here at the PhotoshopTrainingChannel.com. My name is Jesus Ramirez and you can find
me on Instagram @JRfromPTC. In this example we’re going to talk about
the new Select and Mask Workspace in Photoshop. This workspace replaces a previous Refine
Edge and Refine Mask dialogue boxes in Photoshop. And it allows us to visualize and select content
in a new way. But before we get started with that, I want to show you the layers that we’re
going to be working with. We have this forest here, the background,
and this foreground, this bear. So we’re going to mask out the bear and place him in the
forest. So to access this new Select and Mask workspace, you can click on any selection
tool like the Marquee Tool, and then, click on Select and Mask. And you’ll notice that
the Tools bar now has only a few tools and the Properties panel on the right has some
masking options for you to use. Notice the Select and Mask here under the workspace. Before we go any further, I want to press
Cancel and I want to show you an easier way to access this workspace. So instead of clicking
on the Selection Tool and clicking on this button, just remember the keyboard shortcut
Ctrl Alt R, that’s Command Option R on the Mac, and it brings you directly into this
workspace without having to click on any Selection Tools. And the first thing we’ll talk about
is how you can use the tools that are found in this Tool bar to make a selection. First
of all, we have the Quick Selection Tool, which you can get to by clicking on it or
pressing the W key on the keyboard and you can just click and drag to start making a
selection. Notice that the image is currently set to
the Onion Skinning Mode where you only have a transparency of 20%. That means that the
selected items are going to be shown at 100% and the deselected items are going to be shown
at 20%. So we have the head partially selected, which is why it looks opaque and the rest
of the image is at 20% opacity. And if we increase the Transparency to 100%, notice
that the rest of the image disappears. So this slider allows you to adjust the transparency
so that you can make better selections. So, in general, what you want to do is use the
Quick Selection Tool to select the main areas of your image, then toggle between the Brush
Tool and the Lasso Tool to make corrections, and more refined selections to specific areas. So we have the Lasso Tool here and the Brush
Tool here. We’re going to talk about the Refine Edge Tool a little later on. So let’s focus
first on the Brush Tool. This works just like the regular Brush Tool. If you click and drag,
you’ll paint, essentially, with the white. If you think of this as a mask, this is just
like painting with white. You have the same keyboard shortcuts, left bracket to decrease
the size, right bracket key on the keyboard to increase the size of that brush. You can click on this down pointing arrow
here and adjust the Size, Hardness, or Spacing, or you can just simply right click anywhere
on your image, and that same display comes up, so we can adjust the Hardness all the
way to 100% and you can see the hard edge there. You can also click on the Lasso Tool,
click and drag and make a selection, and it fills in those areas. If we drag the transparency
up to 100, now these are the selected areas. I usually like keeping my transparency around
20%. So now I’m going to press the W key to go
back into the Quick Selection Tool and I’m just going to increase the Brush Size by tapping
on the right bracket key in the keyboard, increasing the size, and continue selecting
the bear. Notice that I accidentally selected the rocks where he’s standing. I can either
click on the minus option here, or better yet, hold Alt, Option on the Mac, and deselect
the areas that I don’t like. And I can release the Alt key and continue selecting the areas
that I do want to keep. At this point, I can bring the transparency
all the way up to 100%, just so I could see how my selection is looking. If I need a different
view, I can click on this down pointing arrow and select Marching Ants Overlay, which is
actually very similar to the Quick Mask Mode on black. Right now, the background is not
really showing black because the Opacity is set to 50%, but I can increase that up to
100%, or bring that down if I want to. But if I want to use on black, I probably would
want it at 100%. On white is a similar effect but, obviously, with a white background instead
of black; black and white, which is essentially the mask mode, and on layers right now, we’re
not going to see anything on the background because the background layer is disabled. So I’m going to go back into the Onion Skin
Mode and I’m going to bring the Transparency down just a little bit, maybe not all the
way till 20% this time, maybe less now, since I’ve already selected the major points of
my bear. And I just realized that I’m missing a spot here, so I’m going to press Z on the
keyboard, I’m going to Zoom In, and I’m going to press W for the Quick Selection Tool. I’m
going to tap on the left bracket key on the keyboard, hold Alt, Option on the Mac, to
subtract from that selection. I’m going to press Z again, then hold Alt, Option on the
Mac and Zoom Out. Now that I’ve selected the main areas of my
image, I’m going to use the Edge Detection Tool to remove the background and portions
of the image that requires additional refinement, such as the fur around the bear. So I’m going
to click on the Refine Edge Brush, then I’m just going to click and drag around the edge
of the bear to deselect the background around the fur, and notice I’m going fairly quickly
here. What I’m going to do now is bring the Transparency
back to 100 so we can see what we got. And I’m, actually, going to use the black and
white because I really want to see what the mask is looking like. At this point, I can
just click on the Brush Tool, and I’m just going to paint using the plus sign there,
which is essentially the white. The brush is a little hard so I’m just going to right
click and bring the Hardness down, and continue painting on the areas that I know that I’m
going to want to keep. Then I’m going to hold Alt and just remove
the areas that I know I don’t want to keep. I’m going to zoom in and continue removing
these areas. I’m still holding Alt to remove. I’m going to fit everything to screen just
so we can see what we got. And just as a side note, if you’re using the Paintbrush and instead
of using the Add to Selection, you’re using Subtract from Selection, if you want to go
back into the Add to Selection, you can hold Shift and it adds. So if you want to Subtract
to Selection and you hold Alt, nothing will happen. So hold Shift to Add to a Selection.
But I usually like staying on the Add to Selection, and then, hold Alt to Subtract. So now that we’ve refined the selection, I
want to go into the On White view. I want to use some Global Refinements. So, in some
cases, you may want to smooth your selection. In this case, I don’t think it’s necessary,
so I’m just going to leave it at zero. You can Feather it, Contrast, or Shift the edge.
I want to Shift the Edge and I want to do negative values just to remove that outline
that we had around the bear. And, actually, now that the bear is active,
I’m noticing that I’m missing a little piece here, so I’m just going to click on the Brush
Tool and just add to the selection in this area here. You can also press X on the keyboard
to disable the views, but notice what happened here. I started type in X, so in a way I’m
kind of glad that happened, and I’m just going to get out of that and Photoshop is going
to tell me that’s an invalid value, and that’s true, it is. But if I just press Enter on
the keyboard, I’m going to exit out of that, and if I press X this time, I get to see the
original. So I can just toggle between the original and the masked area, just to see
if I’m missing a piece. I’m missing a piece here actually, so I’m just going to paint
that back in. And I’m missing another piece here. Okay and the bear is looking pretty
good. Before we press OK, I just want to mention that these controls here are very similar
to what the Refine Edge and Refine Mask used to be, so we have the Edge Detection here
with the Smart Radius. We have the same sliders. We have the Output Settings as well and, also,
the Decontaminate Colors. And all these options are essentially the
same as to what you had with the Refine Edge. There’s also a lot of Reset button here, in
case you need it, and a Sample All Layers checkbox here, in case the object you’re trying
to select is made up of different layers or something like that. So I’m going to uncheck
this for now and I’m going to press OK. Photoshop then creates a mask. If I need to go back,
I can click on the Layer Mask, and then, click on Select and Mask here on the Properties
panel or you can press Ctrl Alt R, Command Option R, and you’re back. All right, now that I made this mask, I can
enable the forest. I can click on the layer, press V on the keyboard, move my bear and
place him accordingly, right about here, and maybe scale him down a little bit, so I’m
going to click on the pivot point, drag it down to his foot. That’s where I want him
standing, hold Alt Shift, Option Shift on the Mac, and scale in proportion by clicking
and dragging on that corner handle. Position him again and press Enter. And what I’m going
to do now is I’m going to Zoom In so you could see the edge. Notice what good of a job this
feature did masking out the fur on this bear, as you can see in this area. So it looks fairly
convincing. If you notice any mistakes like I’m seeing here, you can just paint with white
on the mask. You don’t have to go back into the Refine and Mask Workspace, so I’m just
going to paint with white here to fill that part in. Now, if I wasn’t explaining what all those
features were, and how all the tools work, then I probably would have completed this
project in half the time. I was a big fan of the Refine Edge and Refine Mask, but I
actually like the Select and Mask a lot more. It’s more useful. The algorithm for making
selections is better. And once again, I’m going to zoom in and you can see the good
job that did here on the fur around the bear. And that’s pretty much it. Let me know what you think about this feature. Leave a comment below. If you enjoy this video then click the like button and share it with a friend. If you’re new to the Photoshop Training Channel, don’t forget to subscribe. Thank you for watching and I’ll talk to you again soon!

No Comments

Leave a Reply