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How to Use Photoshop CC 2018 For Beginners-Part 3-Photoshop File Formats JPEG, PSD, PNG

November 8, 2019


Before we start creating some files from scratch and doing some photo retouching, I just want to get you familiar with file formats, photo file formats. Let me just show you a few file formats that you need to know about before we go any further. So if you go to file and if you go to save as on any document, so if you have any document open go to file and file save as and this is where you would save a file and in this drop down down here, these are some of the file formats that you could use in Photoshop to save your file and I’m not just gonna list these and go through these just to show you every single one. I’m gonna show you the most important ones that you need to know. So the very first one that you need to know is JPEG. So if you save a file in JPEG, let me just go ahead and save this one. This is the JPEG option that you get. So maximum quality. I usually try to get the maximum quality and this is the file size, so if the file size is too big you could just decrease the quality, but let’s just say for the sake of this video, we’ll go with maximum quality. I usually do that, file size usually doesn’t seem to be a problem unless I save for a website and that’s a whole different thing and I’ll show you that at a different time, so let me just press ok. And I’m just gonna minimize this and go to my desktop here and this is the file that he just saved right here, JPEG. JPEG is the first file I wanted to show you and as you know, most cameras nowadays including your phone take pictures in JPEG. That’s the compression of the image. So it looks like a very sharp good quality image. The compression is very solid and JPEG is most likely the image that you’re gonna come across if you’re taking your picture from a camera or a phone. Another one is raw, which in this case you can just go ahead and save something in RAW, but some cameras take pictures in RAW and raw usually comes in a file format called DNG. Different brands have their own file format like Canon has a different file format and raw allows you to do things with the image that you don’t have in a JPEG format meaning you could change the ISO for example, the color temperature and it gets a lot more complicated than what a JPEG can do and RAW gives you a lot more options, but there are a massive, massive file. A raw file is a massive file. So for now, let’s forget about raw. You’ll most likely be working with a JPEG. Another option is Photoshop. If you save something as a Photoshop, it saves it as a dot PSD. Now a dot PSD is basically a layered Photoshop file, so when you save as a dot PSD, you’ll have all these layers intact. So if I was to open a dot PSD file, it will open with all these layers. If I open a dot PNG file, it’s just one layer, so even if I open this in Photoshop here, I’ll just go ahead and open with Photoshop, and it’ll just open right here in this tab, so this is the PSD file. You have all the layers the PNG file I’m sorry the JPEG file, is just one layer, so you can’t really edit this anymore, so that’s the difference between JPEG and the PSD file. So for most case use, you’ll start with a jpg and finish with a jpg. Another important one is a PNG. Now let me just close this one and go back to this layer. So if I turn all these off, and I just had this logo, and I want to keep this transparent background, so let me just go ahead and select this. I’m gonna press the move tool and move it right in the middle here. So if I was to save this as a JPEG, so if I just save this as a JPEG here, I’ll just rename it so it doesn’t replace the other file. And if I go to my images, it has created a white background, so I can’t put this on top of something else. So if I want this to be transparent just like you see here, these checkerboard this shows transparency, I’ll have to do a save as and I’ll have to do PNG. If I come down here PNG. That’s the other important file format you need to know besides JPEG and the Photoshop layer document, PNG. So if I save as a PNG and I go over here to my desktop where I saved it, this is a PNG file. It has a transparent background. See the difference? This is created a white background for me. This one’s transparent, so if I open this with Photoshop, it’s not a layered document, but it is a transparent document, so what I could do with a PNG file like this one, look if I grab this layer and if I drag it over to one of these and drop it, It’s created that transparency for me. So this layer could be placed on top of a different layer. If I did this with a JPEG, open with Photoshop and if I click this layer and I bring it on top of this one I drop it, you see the white background is there, so if I don’t want this white background, I need to save it as a PNG. Again, save as the three file formats you need to know are Photoshop file for layered documents. This is how you save your project basically, so you could come and edit it. JPEG for exporting it and most of your pictures are gonna be JPEG to start editing with and PNG. That’s the transparent background. Some of the other ones you might come across our TIFF files or GIF files, but just for simplicity, PNG, JPEG and Photoshop files are the three to get you started with file formats in Photoshop. The next video, let’s start doing some photo editing and photo retouching.

3 Comments

  • Reply Howfinity March 18, 2018 at 10:44 pm

    Thank you so much for watching. Don't forget to click that like button and subscribe for a lot more Photoshop tutorials!!!

  • Reply LPSelif LPS June 21, 2018 at 5:00 pm

    Thank you

  • Reply فائدة-FAYADA December 15, 2018 at 10:26 am

    hello thanks for this tutu but I think you have a problem on your website; I can't register, for login the link open in the WordPress dashboard for admin, it was great site web but fix the problem as you can

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