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How To Use Lightroom – Basic Editing in Lightroom CC with Barry Callister Photography

August 28, 2019


Hey are you looking for information on
how to use the Lightroom? I’m about to show you how to do a basic edit so don’t
go away Hi there, Barry Callister for Barry
Callister Photography, giving you hints, tips and tricks for better nature
photography. Welcome to my channel, I’m glad you found me. This is the place
where I do gear reviews, camera tutorials, Lightroom and Photoshop tutorials, and so
much more, so if you’re new here – please hit that subscribe button. Now, it’s been
a while since I did a Lightroom tutorial so I thought I’d take you through just a
basic edit that I will do on an image I’m going to upload to Facebook or
Instagram or something like that. So this is the base…just a starting point that
I’ll use and I’ll move on from there if the image needs something more. So let’s
get right into it. Make sure you hang around to the end of the video because
I’m gonna give you three awesome keyboard shortcuts that are going to
make your workflow so much faster so let’s jump into this basic edit in
Lightroom. Go! Alright so we’re starting here in the Library module. I’m gonna
edit this photo here of these rocks for this tutorial. So we’ll just click
Develop to open that up in the Develop Module. Now the first thing I will do is
come over to the right-hand side here and click on Lens Corrections and make
sure that both of those are clicked. I normally apply Lens Corrections on
import but sometimes earlier on in Lightroom I didn’t do that so I always
check that that is done. If you want to know how to apply a preset on import in
Lightroom I have a video about that I’ve linked that up in the right-hand corner
of the screen now, so go there if you want to. We’ll just have a look here, I’ll
show you where abouts you find that. So you click on File…Import Photos and Video.
If you go over here to Apply During Import your Lens Corrections…that’s how
I’ve got it set up in there is for lens corrections to be applied during import. So watch that video to learn how to do that! The next thing I will do is come down to Camera Calibration. It’ll be Adobe
Standard by default. So I click on that generally and I will select camera
standard, that looks good for this image. If it doesn’t look good, just choose
another option. It’s…this is all about what looks good really for this. So I
don’t play with any of those other sliders there because this is just a basic
edit so we want to stick to the basics. Then I’ll go up to my Basic Panel and
you want to watch your histogram here. If you’re not using your histogram in
Lightroom or on your camera you really should be. Your histogram gives you a
true picture of the exposure of your image. You can’t trust your eyes because…or…your monitor and your LCD screen on your camera will lie to you because
different lighting conditions will make images look brighter or darker than they
actually are. The histogram gives you a true representation of the exposure of
your image. So if you use your mouse here and you hover over the histogram, you can
see on the right hand side is the whites, then you’ve got your highlights
in that section, the mid section is your exposure or your mid-tones, shadows, and
blacks over on the left hand side. And you can see these two arrows here, this is your shadow clipping, and this is your highlight clipping. If you’ve overexposed
or underexposed any part of your photograph – those will be lit up. So I’ll
just quickly…if I crank the highlights up here, and just crank up the exposure,
you’ll see now there this is showing me that I’ve clipped those areas, and those
areas are now overexposed, and there’s no detail in there. So you want to watch
that. Just…if you need more information about how to use a histogram,
there’s loads of videos on YouTube, check out those, or I’m going to do one soon – so
watch out for that. So the next thing I will do, because this image looks to be
pretty well exposed, I will go down to my white values. This is…
this is to set the white point. If you move your mouse over the numerical value
there on the white slider, hold Alt and click your mouse and drag to the right
until you see some dots come in. Now you want to make sure you back it off then
until there are no overexposed or clipped parts there, so that seems to be
at about 59, so I’ll leave that there. Then you want to do the same with your
black slider. Hold Alt, click the numbers and then drag it down until you see some
blacks come in, that’s about there so that’s good. If you want to at any stage
see the results of your edit you can click your backslash key for the before
view, and then after. So you can see, just from doing that alone, this image is just
popped now, there’s a lot more color in it, there’s a lot more contrast,
it’s really quite good. Now this does show that we’re clipping the blacks here,
and if I just tell Lightroom to show that to me by clicking that arrow there,
you can see that’s in these dark sections, these shadowy sections which
I’m not really too concerned about because we don’t really need detail in
there at all. So I’m not going to worry about that. The next thing I will do is
play around with my shadows and highlights sliders. If I want to bring up
the shadows a bit more, which I really …I’m really not too concerned about with
this image. I want it to have, I want it to be a bit gritty and grainy, kind of have a
very contrasty look, so I’m not gonna… And the highlights, I’m probably going to
leave alone there too. The next thing that I will do is I will
maybe play with the contrast slider and see if it looks good with a bit more
contrast or a bit less. Now a lot of the time when you doing this you want to
sort of take it to the point where it looks overdone and then back it off,
because you’ll always overdo it, pretty much. And seeing over-edited
images on Facebook or Instagram is never fun for me. So take it to where you think
it looks great, and then back it off a little bit. I’m gonna leave the contrast
at about 26 there, I think that looks good. And if you want to see the results
of…before and after of the of the step that you just did. Just go over here to
your History panel and click back before your contrast. So this is before my
contrast, this is after. So that’s added a bit of pop there, I kind of like that. I’ll then come down to the clarity slider. Maybe add a bit of clarity. Now you can see there that is way too much. If that was the look I was going
for, awesome. But it’s not, so I’m gonna back that right off to about will say
17 looks good. Should check it before that after so you see it’s giving
this rock here a lot more detail and grittiness, I kind of like that. I rarely
play with my vibrance or saturation sliders unless I really, really want the
image to pop a lot more, like…I don’t.. See, you can see it just…I don’t like what it
does to the image, it makes it look unnatural and not quite real. So I might
up that about seven. Saturation again is a slider you have to be really careful
with. Don’t over-do it…you know. I rarely use a value above 7 with saturation. Just
have a look what that looks before…after That’s giving it a nice bit of color
there. Now on rare occasions, I will play with the tone curve. I don’t use it an
awful lot…but let’s have a look today and we’ll see what we can do. The
highlights we can…might bring that up a little bit just to… give it a bit brightness there. The
lights…play with a little bit there. You can do this by clicking and dragging the graph
here but I don’t do that I’m not going to do that today anyway. So
the lights there…the darks…not really liking what that’s doing. Shadows…not liking
what that’s doing either. The darks, maybe down a little bit there. You can
always click this switch here on the left hand side of the panel, that’ll turn
off that particular effect. You can see the results of it there too so, that
looks kind of good. So…backslash key, see what it was like
before and now – it’s looking fairly good. I’m not going to play with the HSL sliders at
all – that’s your color. I’m not going to do split toning. But I will do detail. Now,
if you want to…you normally want to set this for a section of your image that’s
got…that is in focus, first of all and has a bit of grain to it. So like, this
rock up here perhaps might be a good idea, so I’ll hit this little crosshairs
thing here and I’ll…that one? We’ll do that one or?… No that’s not really in focus, let’s choose another bit here. Maybe this bit like here will be good that’s got a nice defined edge in that
hole in the rock there that’ll be good for our sharpening stuff. So with
sharpening, I’ll generally set the radius to 1.4. And then what you can do with the
masking slider here is hold alt and click the slider, drag it across and
you’ll see parts of it are turning black. Anything that’s white will…the
sharpening will be applied to, anything that’s black will not be sharpened. So I
don’t really want to sharpen these areas in here between the rocks, so
we’ll just keep that up to about there, that’s good. And then you can watch your
little thumbnail here and crank up your sharpening. It’s always a good idea as
well to have your image at 1:1 to do this, and have it on the same area
sort of as your thumbnail over here. So you can see if you’re starting to get
artifacts or any…you know, amount of noise. See, there I’ve over-done it, so you don’t go there. I am guilty of over-sharpening my images a lot. So I think about 30 on this is good,
so I’ll turn that off and see what it’s done. That’s very subtle, I might bump it
up about…more…45 there, that’s good. Now that has created also a lot of noise
as well, so we’ll grab the luminance slider here in our noise reduction and
pump that up there a little bit. There’s a bit of color noise I’m seeing in there
too. Your color noise is very visible if you go up to about 4:1 or 8:1, or anything higher than that. So you can see if I grab my color noise slider here
and I back it right off, you can see all these blues, and purples, and stuff, and
yellows, and greens coming in here. So you just want to dial that up until…that all
goes away. You can double click it to reset it back to the default value there
too. So that’s kind of good. Just look at it before and after again – that’s looking
pretty good So….I think we’re all good. Now that’s
pretty much all I’ll do to an image generally. Sometimes, occasionally I’ll use
the effects panel to apply a vignette, just to the corners. But with this image,
I don’t really think we need it. So you can see there, if you slide to the left
you get black edges coming in on your photo, you slide to the right, you’ll get
white edges, your white vignette. I always like a black vinette, I’m not too fond of
white ones. So that does look kind of good. If I was trying to bring people’s
attention to these rocks here, to these two big rocks…or these rocks in
the center, this group of four here, I would probably apply a vignette – but I’m
not in this particular occasion so I won’t use a vignette. And that is pretty
much it for what I do for a basic edit. That is where I’ll leave it. You can see
the before and after here, like so. It’s really popping now there’s..got a lot of
color, it’s got vibrance, it’s got contrast, it’s much just a much better
image and it’s gonna look so much better on a cushion! So now we come to the
three keyboard shortcuts that I promised you. The first one of which is to first
of all bring your image in from the library module. So let’s say we’re in the
library module here and you wanted to edit this image. You click D on your
keyboard, that’ll shoot you straight into the develop module real fast and you can
start editing your image. While you’re in the develop module, if you want to see
your before and after, not just like we were doing with the backslash key but
side-by-side, hit the Y key. And you can see there it’ll give you a before and
after, side-by-side view of what your image is looking like. And if you hit Y
again it takes you back to full view there. And this last keyboard shortcut,
super-exciting, this is really good. A lot of the time you want to zoom in 1:1 to your image, to check focus, or look for dust spots on your sensor, or things like that. Now what you can do is click and hold the spacebar and
you’ll see your cursor changes into a hand symbol, and you can then click and
drag, and look around your image at 1:1. Now this’ll, this is working
at 1:1 here because I was…I had 1:1 selected last time. If I’d
done 4:1, it would take me back see, back to 4:1. So you want to
choose 1:1 there and it…it’s excellent. Hitting the spacebar…and you
can let go of the spacebar and just pan.. just move around there with your hand
tool, and it’s just fantastic. And you can check the…your image out at 1:, and
hit the spacebar again and you’re back to full view there…..Excellent. There you
have it! That is your basic edit in Lightroom. If you have any questions for
me about anything you saw me doing the video today, please pop them in the
comments below, I’d be glad to answer your questions. Make sure, before you leave you
hit that like button and smash that subscribe button!
I’m Barry Callister for Barry Callister Photography. Get out there, take some
wicked shots, and I will see you soon

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