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How to UNDERSTAND and USE your HISTOGRAM | Lightroom Tutorial

October 26, 2019


YouTube what is going on everybody its
Joe Moore and I’m back with another tutorial video for you all in today’s
video I’m gonna be explaining the histogram the five different types of an
exposure within the histogram and how to be able to read it and understand it in
general for your next video and photo project now hold on guys before we get
into this video do me a favor hit that subscribe button and hit that
Bell button to stay up to date with all the video content all the photo content
and all the content in general then I’m gonna be dropping on this channel so
let’s go ahead and hop into this video so the first things first let’s explain
what a histogram is so the first thing that we need to do is is we need to
understand what a histogram is and the best way to do that is to pull up the
definition of a histogram a histogram is a representation of the pixels exposed
in your image the left side of the histogram is gonna be your blacks and
shadows the right side of the histogram is gonna be your highlights and bright
areas and the middle section of your histogram is gonna be your mid-tones
alright guys so the next thing we need to do is we need to go over the five
exposure levels of the histogram so the five exposure levels of the histogram is
gonna be underexposed exposed to the left or ETTL for short neutral exposure
exposed to the right or ETTR and finally overexposed those are gonna be
the five exposure levels of the histogram so once you understand them
it’s gonna help you while you’re on set or taking photos in general now for this
video I use creative Ryan as an example and I took photos of him outside during
the daytime so I’ll be able to show you the five exposure levels of the
histogram using photos of CRyan as an example so let’s go ahead and hop into
Lightroom and I’ll show you the five exposure levels of the histogram okay
guys now that we’re in Lightroom what I’m gonna do is is I’m gonna go from the
right to the left so I’m gonna deal with the overexposed shots and show you what
that would look like going all the way down to the underexposed shots so
basically the overexposed shots as you could tell from the graph that I
displayed earlier you’re gonna lose all the data in the overexposed aspect
because everything’s blown out so all the stuff that’s in the overexposed line
means that you’ve lost the data and it’s not able to come back so basically think
of it like an audio representation if you recorded audio and you screamed in
the mic and it hit those red levels it means you’re you’ve lost the data there
you can’t get it back so let’s go ahead and deal with this one first so I’ll
show you what it’s gonna look like and I’ve actually gone down here and I’ve
color-coded all of the
photos that I took with CRyan on set just to let me know which ones are which
so in Lightroom what I usually do first is is I come over here on the right hand
side and I click the shadow’ clipping as well as the highlight clipping so as
soon as I click the highlight clipping you can see everything that’s clipped is
in red which means it is clip aka it is overexposed and we’ve lost the detail in
that so the first thing I’m gonna do is I’m gonna come over here to the
right-hand side and I’m gonna bring the exposure down and try to take out some
of these clippings okay let’s leave it right about there and I’m gonna bring
the contrast up I’m gonna leave the temperature and the tint where it is
let’s go ahead and mess with the highlights the shadows the whites and
the blacks so the first thing I’m gonna do is I’m gonna bring the whites down next I’m gonna bring the highlights down now I’m gonna leave the blacks and the
shadows where they are but if I was to mess around with the blacks or the
shadow slider you could see what would happen if I brought down the blacks the
same way how on the right side it shows the clippings for the highlights will
also show the clippings for the shadows and dark areas instead of the shadows
being in red is going to be in blue and we don’t want that so I’m gonna go ahead
and double click the blacks put it back to zero now the presence is just a
artistic standpoint it’s it’s what you want it to look like so you know I’m
just gonna go ahead and pick the settings that I usually do for this I’m
gonna put the clarity up to about 25 put the vibrance up to about 20 and I’m
gonna leave this saturation where it is now let’s go down to the curves and mess
with this I’m gonna leave the darks and the shadows where they are and I’m going
to bring the highlights well first I’m gonna bring the lights
down put it to about negative 25 and I’m
gonna mess with the highlights son as well let’s put that down to about 25 as
well so now let’s go ahead and mess with the HSL now everything after this point
is just an artistic standpoint and its artistic expression it’s just your
preference it’s it’s how you want your photo to look I mean once you deal with
the actual exposure everything after that is just how you want your shot to
look everybody has a different editing style you could have 10 people stand in
the same spot and take the same photo and then have them go edit the photo
they’re all gonna look different so let’s go ahead and mess with the HSL I’m
gonna come down to my sharpening and usually I put this at sea I think that’s good right there bring the radius down and bring the
detail down and let’s do the masking ahead I’m right about there go ahead and
click the remove chromatic abrasion excuse me if I pronounced that wrong and
enable profile Corrections and I’m gonna bring the van gent on down to right about there and I’m gonna go ahead
and level out the photo and leave everything else down here so this is the
before photo as you can see all of the highlights that have been clipped and
that the data has been lost in and now the after now again some people would
choose to bring this up a little bit more but because it’s been clipped in
the highlights I kind of want to keep it down to the negative 2.80 because once
you start bringing it up you’re gonna lose and see more of the lost detail in
the actual photo so that’s gonna be the overexposed shot that I’ve now edited as
you can tell up in here we’ve lost the details in the highlights
especially the clouds and different parts of the photo and the highlights
it’s something you can’t get back and the detail you won’t be able to pull
back in so let’s go ahead and move to the next shot which is gonna be the
exposure to the right which I’ve put in purple coding and what I’m gonna do is
is I’m gonna copy everything that I did in the overexposed shot and bring it
over to the exposed to the right now obviously once I hit paste on this it’s
not going to be set for the exposed to the right shot but I’m just gonna tweak
it because that’s the basis of where I can start from and start tweaking
everything instead of literally going down and doing everything over again so
let’s go ahead and hit paste now as you can see it’s darker in this shot but if
you look at the overexposed shot compared to the exposed to the right
shot we still have details in the highlights as opposed to the overexposed
shot we’ve lost details and all these highlights and different parts of this
photo so let’s go back over to the exposed to the right now I’m gonna bring
this up and at this point all of the photos that
aren’t overexposed the underexposed shot the exposed to the left shot the neutral
exposure and the exposed to the right shot is all gonna be preference on how
you want your photo to look because there is no clippings on the actual
photo there’s no overexposure on the photo so
as long as you don’t push any slider to the left to the far left or to the far
right it’s up to you how you want your photo to look an example of that would be
I can still push this exposure up and create it to where it’s now becoming
clipping in the highlights but I’m not gonna do that so just leave this shot
here I’m going to bring the whites up and leave the highlight where it is come
down here bring the lights back up no and also easier way to see where you’re
clipping is if you hit the option button on your Mac and then slide over all of
this stuff right here that you see is everything that’s overexposed in the
shot or if you were using the blacks and you
hold option that’s now everything that is clipping to the left in your darks
and your shadows let’s go ahead and put that back bring this back up all right
now we’re clipping in the highlights bring this down there we go so this is
gonna be the before on the exposed to the right a little bit of clippings in
the highlights section and the after editing a shot so the next one’s gonna
be the neutral exposure again I’m gonna copy the settings from the exposure to
the right and the neutral exposure I’ve put it into blue so let’s go over here
and hit the paste all right we’re gonna bring this up and bring the highlights up put this
exposure back down a little bit and I’m gonna bring my blacks down a
little bit clipping there we go leave that up okay
bring the highlights down a little bit till you read that clipping okay all
right let’s go ahead and move to the exposed to the left which is in yellow all right let’s reset the lights and the
highlights in the region let’s come up here and reset the whites and the
highlights bring the whites up just a little bit
till it starts flipping and the highlights bring that down put the
whites back down get rid of that clip him right there
and there’s a little bit of clipping in the shadows okay and here’s the before
and after let’s go ahead and raise the exposure up just a little bit here’s the before and here’s the after
and the last one is gonna be the underexpose shot which I’ve set in the
green label over here to the right as you can see there’s a lot of clipping in
the shadow dark area on the left hand side so let’s go ahead and paste the
settings from the exposure to the left okay let’s bring the exposure up let’s bring the contrast down bring the
blacks down and shadows down let’s bring the whites
up a little bit and the highlights up let’s try to bring it up in the region
of the shadows and a little bit of the darks bring the shadows up in the tone a
little bit and add some saturation so here’s the before and here’s the after
and you can actually come over here in Lightroom and click on this which will
show you the before and after so let’s go ahead and go through these shots real
quick you have the overexposed you have the
exposure to the right you have the neutral exposure exposure to the left and the
underexposed so guys that’s gonna be the five exposure levels and how I would
edit them within Lightroom for each exposure level once you deal with
everything on the histogram in your editing platform everything else after
that with the HSL s and stuff relating to color and saturation and clarity and
sharpening that’s just all how you want your photo to look once you’ve gotten
your settings in the histogram correct so guys there’s no such thing as a
perfect exposure because every setting and every scenario is not going to be
the same which means it’s gonna produce different data on your histogram and the
graph in general a couple examples of that would be if you went outside and
you took photos in a bright white area such as the snow or you went outside and
took photos in the dark area such as my time or just anywhere in general that’s
darkly lit the photos taken in the white bright areas are is gonna lean towards
the right side of your histogram while the dark shadowy areas is gonna lead
towards the left side of your histogram those two photos is gonna produce
different results and show different data within your histogram in each
scenario all you’re trying to do is make sure that you’re not either overexposed
or underexposed so there’s no such thing as perfect exposure it’s just getting
the best exposure for your current setting now similar to the histogram
that’s showing your luminance the RGB histogram is going to be showing you
where your color data is falling within the exposure levels on the histogram
you’re able to go back and forth between these two different histogram settings
within your camera just go within your camera and find the histogram and you
should be able to find the RGB section and the luminance section the easiest
way to be able to tell what your current histogram setting is is go look through
your viewfinder and you’ll either see RGB which is the red green and blue
section of your histogram or you’ll see a bright white which is your luminance
histogram so that’s gonna be the basics of the histogram and being able to
understand how to use your histogram next time you’re taking photos or video
to get the best exposure levels for that current setting thanks guys for watching
the video be sure to LIKE comment and share this video as well as subscribe to
the YouTube channel so you can stay up to date with all the content that I’m
gonna be dropping on this channel appreciate you all

11 Comments

  • Reply Joe Moore Productions June 12, 2019 at 5:31 pm

    While the creative side of visuals is important; learning and understanding the technical aspect of the visuals is just as important. It's scary and intimidating to a lot of us, but it doesn't have to be! Hope this video helps you all for your next video and photo project! Let me know what else you'd like to see me cover for photo and/or video down below!

  • Reply Made by Kap June 12, 2019 at 5:47 pm

    Great job my guy! I subscribed without a doubt.. thank you.

  • Reply GoAppr Studio June 12, 2019 at 6:09 pm

    What camera did you shoot this with and what type of file (RAW) The 1 DX Mk II has 14 bit variable? Humm, have you tried Luminar 3 with it's way advanced processing with way more control of the image? l "Just Create" you're changing the world.

  • Reply Mason Taylor Beats June 12, 2019 at 10:18 pm

    This video was super helpful! Keep these coming 🔥🔥🔥

  • Reply Young Ready June 13, 2019 at 1:05 am

    Great tutorial! Everything I needed to know 🤟🏾🤟🏾🤟🏾

  • Reply BCMusic1st June 13, 2019 at 1:36 am

    Definitely a needed video. Can't go wrong with your info. Salute!

  • Reply Vulture Visions June 13, 2019 at 2:31 am

    dope video …very insightful

  • Reply David Le June 14, 2019 at 5:56 am

    WAOW YOU DA BES

  • Reply There’s No Way June 20, 2019 at 5:53 am

    Thanks man

  • Reply Back Alley Official July 28, 2019 at 4:39 pm

    I just Subbed Love Your Channel Bro

  • Reply Crystal a.k.a TWISTER Pelehos October 8, 2019 at 2:40 am

    Subscribed bro

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